The procedure is appropriate for patients looking to increase the size and fullness of their breast and/or to correct minor sagging. Women who opt for breast enlargement surgery are usually those who have always had small breasts, or those who have lost breast volume after having children. In breast enlargement silicone implants are placed behind the breasts.
In the last decade there has been a shift in the understanding of breast enlargement surgery. While this type of surgery has always been a volume operation (in other words making breasts bigger), it is now also regarded as a reshaping operation, where the size and shape of the breast needs to sit naturally with the build and dimensions of the patient. This approach aims to achieve a more natural looking breast that does not exceed or damage the boundary of the breast.
What surgery is available, and what techniques are involved?
Breast enlargement involves the placement of an implant under the patient’s breast tissue to enhance the size and shape of the breast. Implants can be placed either directly behind the breast (known as subglandular placement) or behind the breast and chest wall/muscle (known as submuscular placement). The implants are usually inserted using an incision under the breast at the crease.
Behind the breast
The insertion of implants behind the breast is considered to be the simplest of the available enlargement procedures, and the least likely to cause discomfort. This route is also the most effective for patients with slightly drooping breasts, resulting in fuller volume and better uplift.
Behind the muscle (dual plane)
The insertion of implants behind the pectoral muscle provides more padding, which is a key consideration for slender patients and those with very little breast tissue where the edge of an implant may be detectable through the skin. The muscle provides extra cover and helps to hide the upper portion of the implant, and so is strongly recommended for those whose ribs are visible. This operation is normally performed as a dual plane operation for slender women with slightly drooping breasts. The implants are placed partly behind the breast and partly behind the muscle. Through this combined approach surgeons try to give patients the benefits of both techniques.
Implants can either be round or tear-shaped. Round implants provide a bigger volume at the top of the breast, along with a deeper cleavage. Tear-shaped implants, meanwhile, can look more natural. With either of these options, there are varying degrees of projection, depending on whether patients want their augmented breasts to look subtle or more noticeably pert. Temporary implants, placed inside a bra, can help patients assess their options and make decisions about which implants will help them achieve the augmentation they desire.
What should I expect in terms of treatment, procedures and outcomes?
Breast enlargement surgery takes between one and one-and-a-half hours, and is done under general anaesthetic. Once the pocket has been created, the implant is inserted and the incision wounds under the breast are stitched. You may be able to go home the same day, but many patients will spend one night in hospital. Post-operative pain in these procedures is easily controlled. Patients will be mobile from day one and should be back to full exercise within six weeks. Patients are recommended to take around two weeks off work immediately after the operation in order to ensure they recuperate fully.
The nature of the scars will depend on the technique that has been used. Scars tend to be quite red in the first six weeks, changing to purple over next three months and then fading to white. Most patients will form good quality scars over time.
What complications can occur?
All breast enlargement procedures carry the risk of bleeding or infection. These risks are both less than 1%, but if they do occur will result in re-operation. A degree of altered sensation in the breast area is very common after breast enlargement. This usually gradually gets better, but there is a slight risk of losing nipple sensation completely. Hardening, or encapsulation, around the implant is also a potential risk, and up to 10% of women over a ten year period will experience this problem. The breast shape is likely to gradually change as time goes by. In the case of most women this will not trouble them, but sometimes the shape is not as good as it was and further surgery might be considered. Some patients can feel or see the edges of their breast implants under the skin. Sometimes visible folds and ripples become evident. Implants are made to be very tough, but the envelope can gradually fail and a leak can occur. This is not usually a serious event, but once detected will necessitate removal and exchange of the implant.
There is no planned replacement schedule for breast implants – they are designed to last your lifetime. However, you may develop one of the problems described above and may need or choose to have revision surgery at some time in the future. For this reason anyone having breast enlargement should be prepared both personally and financially to have a further operation at some time.